Understanding Astroturf Solutions: A Quick Guide to 3G Turf

From 3G and 4G grass to hybrid and synthetic turf, what’s the difference? By understanding the different types of artificial grass options you have available, you can choose the right product for your project. In this guide, you can find out about the different types of sports turf and invest in the best product for you.  

In this article: 

  • What is the Difference Between Astroturf, 3G Turf, and Artificial Grass?
  • Which Sports Can You Plan on 3G Turf?
  • How to Choose 3G Turf for Your Project 

What is the Difference Between Astroturf, 3G Turf, and Artificial Grass?


So, you have 2G to 6G pitch types. The numbers describe the kind of technology the synthetic grass uses. For example, 2G pitches are sand-based, while 3G pitches use rubber and sand. Currently, any artificial grass beyond 3G isn’t recognised by sport governing bodies. While it may become more popular in the future, you tend to choose either 2G or 3G pitches when looking at sports pitches. 

Artificial grass is the umbrella term used to describe all synthetic or fake grass. Although astroturf commonly refers to artificial grass, it’s a little different. Astroturf is the name of an American company that specialises in large sports grounds and training pitches. Nowadays, astroturf is commonly used to refer to artificial grass used in sports like hockey, football, rugby. 

Which Sports Can You Play on 3G Turf?


The type of syntenic grass and pile height plays a significant role in determining which sports you can play on artifical grass. For example, you would usually play hockey on a pile height of 20mm. However, the ideal pile height for football and rugby is between 40mm and 65mm. 

You can invest in sport-specific 3G turf or choose a multipurpose playing surface that supports the needs of multiple users. 3G turf is natural-looking, durable, and increases performance. You can use it to play a range of sports, like:

  • Football 
  • Hockey 
  • Tennis 
  • Basketball 
  • Volleyball 

How to Choose 3G Turf for Your Project 


When choosing 3G turf for your next project, there are a few factors that you should consider. Artificial grass can have different pile heights. The pile height refers to the length of the strand of synthetic grass. So, the longer the pile height, the longer the grass. Generally, the best pile height depends on how you plan on using the pitch. Common pile height is between 25mm and 45mm for multipurpose playing surfaces. If you go below 25mm or above 45mm, you usually install 3G turf for a specific sport. 


Each sport has slightly different characteristics, such as ball speed, footwear, and level of wear and tear. You may also need to consider a shock pad layer to minimise the risk of impact injuries and reduce the shock on joints. This is especially true for sports like rugby, football, and hockey. How you intend to use the playing surface will help determine the best product for you. 

With some 3G turf, you have a range of colours available. For example, with our Multiplay Sports Turf, you can get it in blue, green, red, and yellow.  But with a sports club option, you’re looking at more natural shades of green to create a realistic and natural-looking pitch. Choosing the best colour comes down to how you want the final product to look and where you plan to install it. A natural shade of green is more suited to a health club, while a bold blue pitch is great for a school or community setting. 

When buying artificial sports grass, you have a lot of options to consider. By understanding the different types of synthetic grass on the market, you can find the right solution and create a sports surface that improves performance and safety and will last for years to come. 

May 24, 2021 — Richard McKay